In The Renaissance, many big ideas are being examined:

  • The Spirit of the Renaissance
    • The Renaissance brought vast changes in culture and ways of life
    • Rational thinking gave rise to new attitudes and a new curiosity about the world
    • Science was embraced as a means of understanding the world
    • Scientists developed new views about the universe
    • New forms were created in painting, music, literature and architecture
    • Advances were made in medicine and the study of anatomy
    • The printing press made a major impact on the quality of life
    • The need to learn to read and write became critical for a new economy

  • Economic and Social Changes
    • Trade became the key to prosperity, status and power
    • Expansion and exploration of the New World was the start of a profitable commerce in trade
    • Competition grew fierce and a commercial revolution resulted
    • Voyages were undertaken to conquer new territories
    • The spice trade with China, India and Japan was critical to the growing economy
    • Entrepreneurs and capitalists played key roles in the commercial revolution
    • Mercantilism rose
    • The commercial revolution brought about major change in the quality of European life

  • Expansion and Exploration
    • New technologies made it possible for ocean explorations to the New World
    • Explorations of the world were led by the Portuguese and Spanish, to open new trade routes
    • North America was divided up, apportioned among Old World Empires
    • English settlers arrived in North America and began to build colonies

  • Imperialism
    • The Spanish and Portuguese founded large empires in the Americas
    • Native Americans were subdued, repressed, murdered and decimated by disease and their civilizations destroyed
    • To make explorations profitable, Spain and Portugal began bringing slaves to America and established the plantation system

  • The Age of Absolute Monarchs
    • The empires of the Old World grew big and rich, reaping harvests from their exploitation of New World resources
    • Monarchs rule with absolute power over their subjects
    • Nations increased their power and solidified their "nationhood"
    • Religious passions lead to holy wars
    • The Ottoman Empire becomes powerful in Eastern Europe
    • Russia rises as a new power

  • Religion Becomes More Diverse
    • The Reformation occurs as a result of complaints about the corruption in the Church
    • The Catholic and Protestant churches battle for power, resulting in the Thirty Years' War
    • Protestantism spreads across Europe and breaks into many sects
    • Islam divides into different sects
 

 

 
   

 

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